Carlotta Defenu is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow within the research project at the Institute for the Study of Literature and Tradition of the NOVA University of Lisbon. She holds a Ph.D. in Textual Criticism from the University of Lisbon; her doctoral thesis examined the genesis and revision process of Fernando Pessoa’s orthonymous poems. She has published various articles and book chapters in the field of textual criticism, genetic criticism, and genetic translation studies, with a special focus on the work of Fernando Pessoa. Recently, she co-organized, with João Dionísio and Carlota Pimenta, the exhibition “Spot the Differences: variation in Portuguese literature from the Middle Ages until the day before yesterday” at the National Library of Portugal.